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外語行天下 / 待分類 / 長大成人,用英語怎么表達

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長大成人,用英語怎么表達

2021-06-13  外語行天下
對于每個人,成長都是一部簡史,當長大成人以后回頭去細細品味時,往往都能感受到五味雜陳,領略到悲歡離合,這或許就是所謂的成長的煩惱,但是人總歸得長大,得進步,因此無論過去如何,都請珍惜當下,向往未來。


成人一般指 adult,指法律上能為自己的行為負責的人,相當于 grown-up;跟其他短語動詞一樣,grown-up 是由短語動詞 grown up 衍生過來的,因此它們三個都可用來表示長大成人,例如:

1. adult:

Children must be accompanied by an adult.
兒童必須要有大人陪同。

He was a young man on the verge of becoming an adult.
他是一個即將成年的年輕人。

2. grown-up:

The grown-ups sat inside while the children played in the yard.
孩子們在院子里玩耍時,大人們坐在里面。

If you're good you can eat with the grown-ups.
你要是聽話就可以跟大人一起吃飯。

3. grow up:

Growing up with three older brothers probably did a lot to shape my personality.
和三個哥哥一起長大可能對我的性格有很大影響。

All the children have grown up and the parents are left with a lot of debts.
孩子們都長大了,父母也欠了很多債。


其中 adult 和 grown-up 還可作形容詞;adult 指人或動物生理上發育成熟的,只作定語;也指待人接物具有成年人特點的,grown-up 指已長成大人的,或外表舉止像成年人的,例如:

1. adult:

This is an adult tiger.
這是一只成年的老虎。

She spent most of her adult life in prison.
她成年后大部分時間都在監獄里度過。

2. grown-up:

He seems very grown up for a ten-year-old.
對于一個十歲的孩子來說,他似乎已經長大了。

She has two grown-up children who work in the family business.
她有兩個在家族企業工作的成年子女。


長大成人主要體現在年齡上,也就是 age,那么長大成人可以用 come of age 來表示,或 overage 表示超過規定年齡的,對應的未到達法定年齡是 under age 或 underage;come of age 還可以用來表示”成熟,發達“,例如:

come of age:

Communities across the world have diverse traditions to celebrate the coming of age of their young ones.
世界各地的社區都有不同的傳統來慶祝年輕人的成年。

When he comes of age, he would get a large inheritance from his grandfather.
當他成年時,他會從祖父那里得到一大筆遺產。

After his first few books received lukewarm response, his writing finally came of age when he published this trilogy which went on to become a bestseller.

在他最初的幾本書受到冷淡的回應之后,當他出版這部三部曲并成為暢銷書時,他的作品終于成熟了。

His early films used to be of low quality, but with this film, he has certainly come of age as a director of high repute.
他早期的電影質量不高,但有了這部電影,他無疑成了一位聲名顯赫的導演。

overage 或 over-age:

She had to leave the youth team when the coaches discovered she was overage.
當教練們發現她年齡過大時,她不得不離開青年隊。

He was a couple of months over-age for the youth team.
他年齡大了幾個月,進不了青年隊。

under age 或 underage:

Because she was under age, her parents were still responsible for her. 
因為她還未成年,她的父母仍然應為她負責。

Underage youths can obtain alcohol from their older friends. 
未到法定年齡的青少年可以從年齡較大的朋友那里弄到酒。

趁年輕多做一些自己想做的事情,那么在你老去的時候,從過去的記憶能搜尋到的更多的是美好的回憶。

詞或詞組辨析:

on the verge of 意為“瀕于;接近于;行將“

lukewarm 意為”微溫的,無興趣的,不熱情的“等

trilogy 意為”三部曲“


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